There are a series of guidelines that you need to follow to make sure your website conforms to best practice. These guidelines encompass:
• Browser compatibility.
• Screen resolution
• Web accessibility.
• Other, e.g. coding languages, metadata, character sets, analytics, etc.
Browser Compatibility A browser is the software used to display a website on your computer. There are several of these products available (as well as different versions for each product), and each of them can display a site slightly differently.
Screen Resolution Screen resolution defines the number of pixels that can be displayed on a computer monitor. This number is increasing all the time. However, adoption rates vary, which means that you cannot create your website for the largest possible size. If you do, many people will not be able to use your site properly.
Instead, you need to create your site so that it can be optimally displayed on the largest number of screens.
The current accepted standard for doing so is 1024 pixels wide by 768 pixels high.
Web Accessibility
Web Accessibility is a principle that tries to make sure visitors with disabilities can locate, navigate, read and understand web content. The main impairments covered by this are:
• Vision, e.g. blindness, color blindness.
• Hearing, e.g. deafness.
• Physical and speech, e.g. restricted use of limbs.
• Cognitive, e.g. learning difficulties.
There are many content, design and coding techniques that can make your website easier to use by people with a disability. For instance, a well-made website can be easily used by a blind person using a program called a ‘Screen Reader’. This software vocalizes content on a page.
Unfortunately, carelessness or lack of foresight during development can render a website unusable to many.
However, accessibility is not just about code
The way you write content can also influence whether you meet the WCAG standard or not. In general, you should aim for clarity and simplicity in writing.
Website Testing
Website Testing is a process for evaluating the conformance of a site to an agreed set of guidelines.
The purpose of testing is to ensure your website is capable of operating to a minimum acceptable standard, in order to meet the Goals that have been set for it.